Title

Bioturbation by Hexagenia larvae (Ephemeroptera: Ephemeridae) and its implications for sediment suspension in Lake Erie.

Date of Award

2004

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.Sc.

Department

Biological Sciences

First Advisor

Ciberowski, J. J. H.

Keywords

Biology, Ecology.

Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

Burrowing activities of aquatic benthic organisms can influence sediment suspension and nutrient cycling. The burrowing mayfly Hexagenia is a dominant benthic organism in western Lake Erie, and Hexagenia bioturbation can potentially influence water quality and other benthic organisms. Using laboratory experiments, I determined bioturbation-induced sediment suspension rates of fine Lake Erie sediment caused by Hexagenia larvae of varying body lengths (13--28 mm) at densities of 70--1,111 larvae/m2 and water temperatures ranging from 10--25°C. Bioturbation rates (sediment suspension, g/m2/h) were estimated by nonlinear regression from measurements of suspended sediment concentrations in jars, taken twice-daily for 14 d. Sediment settling rates were also estimated from twice-daily measurements of suspended sediment concentrations collected for an additional 18 d in the surface water from the bioturbation experiments. (Abstract shortened by UMI.) Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 43-01, page: 0145. Adviser: Jan J. H. Ciborowski. Thesis (M.Sc.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2004.