Date of Award

1988

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Department

Physics

Keywords

Physics, Atomic.

Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

Collisional excitation transfer and relaxation of K 5$\sp2$P atoms in collisions with noble gases, as well as the radiative lifetimes of the K 5P, 6P and 7P fine-structure states have been investigated by methods of atomic fluorescence spectroscopy. Potassium vapour was mixed in a cell with a noble gas and selectively excited by pulsed dye-laser radiation to the 5$\sp2$P$\sb{1\over2}$ or the 5$\sp2$P$\sb{3\over 2}$ state in zero magnetic field and to the 5$\sp2$P$\sb{{1\over 2}-{1\over 2}}$ or the 5$\sp2$P$\sb{{3\over 2}-{3\over 2}}$ Zeeman substate in a field of 70 kG. Interferometric analysis of the fluorescence emitted from the directly (optically) excited state and that emitted from the collisionally populated states allowed the determination of the fine-structure mixing cross sections for collisions with He, Ne, Ar, Kr and Xe in zero magnetic field. Excitation transfer between Zeeman substates was investigated for collisions between the selectively excited 5P atoms and He, Ne and Ar atoms, allowing the determination of the multipole relaxation (depolarization) cross sections for dipole, quadrupole and octupole decay, as well as the Zeeman and fine-structure mixing cross sections and orientation transfer cross sections. A comparison of theoretical calculations with the experimental data has been made and the rate equations governing multipole relaxation and including effects due to strong fine-structure mixing on the multipole relaxation, have been described in detail. The radiative lifetimes of the individual fine-structure components of the K 5P, 6P and 7P states have been determined experimentally by means of time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence techniques. These data are compared with numerous theoretical calculations and the available experimental values.Dept. of Physics. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis1988 .B474. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 49-04, Section: B, page: 1223. Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1988.

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