Date of Award

2000

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Rourke, Byron,

Keywords

Psychology, Clinical.

Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

This study investigates the patterns of psychosocial functioning of children with learning problems who meet other commonly used criteria to define Learning Disabilities (LD) but whose Full Scale Intelligence Quotient (FSIQ) scores on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) fall below average. These children are referred to as having below average IQ (BAIQ). The psychosocial functioning of children with BAIQ was subtyped by the application of both Q-factor analysis and profile-matching to scores of the Personality Inventory for Children (PIC). The resulting typologies were compared to that of previously derived prototypes of psychosocial functioning of children with LD (Rourke & Fuerst, 1991). The results suggest that the psychosocial dimensions of children with BAIQ are similar to that of children with LD in a general sense. Many of the same subtypes were derived, and the proportions of children displaying normal, mild, and severe levels of psychopathology were not significantly different from that of children with LD. In addition, consistent with previous research involving children with LD, there were no changes in either type or severity of psychopathology with age. However, there were some specific differences between the psychosocial patterns of children with BAIQ and that of children with LD. Children with BAIQ had a greater tendency to display psychopathology with internalizing features such as anxiety and depression and less tendency to display psychopathology with externalizing features such as delinquency. Also, a new subtype emerged from the Q-analysis which had not been previously found in children with LD. This subtype contains aspects of mild forms of both internal and external psychopathology. Although it is necessary to replicate this study on a new sample of children with BAIQ, some tentative inferences were made concerning the psychosocial dimensions of children with BAIQ.Dept. of Psychology. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis2000 .R35. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 40-03, page: 0782. Adviser: Byron Rourke. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2000.

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