Date of Award

2012

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.Sc.

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Chowdhury, Sazzadur (Electrical and Computer Engineering)

Keywords

Electrical engineering.

Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

Ultrasound transducers are used in a broad range of applications covering from underwater communications to medical imaging and treatment. The ultrasonic transducer determines the key specifications such as resolution, sensitivity and signal to noise ratio. The capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) has emerged as an alternative to standard piezoelectric transducers due to advanced microelectronics fabrication technology and methods. Comparing to piezoelectric transducers, the CMUT is superior to it's competitor with higher acoustic bandwidth, higher sensitivity and greater coupling with the acoustic medium. Design, fabrication, and characterization of a capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) array have been presented along this thesis. The array is designed to operate in the frequency range of 113-167 kHz. The CMUT array is fabricated using an SOI based fabrication technology and includes 6x6 CMUTs. Necessary test setups and readout circuitry is designed in order to carry out the characterization process. Static analysis results are verified with Wyko optical profilometer, Agilent LCR meter and SEM analysis. Dynamic characterizations are done with Polytec MSA-4 laser Doppler vibrometer. An efficient and low noise capacitive readout circuit is designed using transimpedance amplifier scheme with 75 kilo ohm gain and fabricated on a PCB. The developed analytical models, FEA and experimental results are in very good agreement to exhibit accuracy of the design methodology.

Share

COinS