Title

Design of quadrature mirror filter banks with canonical signed digit coefficients using genetic algorithms.

Date of Award

2004

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.Sc.

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Keywords

Engineering, Electronics and Electrical.

Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

This thesis is about the use of a genetic algorithm to design QMF bank with canonical signed digit coefficients. A filter bank has applications in areas like video and audio coding, data communication, etc. Filter bank design is a multiobjective optimization problem. The performance depends on the reconstruction error of the overall filter bank and the individual performance of the composing lowpass filter. In this thesis we have used reconstruction error of the overall filter bank as our main objective and passband error, stopband error, stopband and passband ripples and transition width of the individual lowpass filter as constraints. Therefore filter bank design can be formulated as single objective multiple constraint optimization problem. A unique genetic algorithm is developed to optimize filer bank coefficients such that the corresponding system's response matches that of an ideal system with an additional constraint that all coefficients are in canonical signed digit (CSD) format. A special restoration technique is used to restore the CSD format of the coefficients after crossover and mutation operators in Genetic algorithm. The proposed restoration technique maintains the specified word length and the maximum number of nonzero digits in filter banks coefficients. Experimental results are presented at the end. It is demonstrated that the designed genetic algorithm is reliable, and efficient for designing QMF banks.Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis2004 .U67. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 43-05, page: 1785. Thesis (M.A.Sc.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2004.