Date of Award

2012

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.H.K.

Department

Kinesiology

First Advisor

Weir, Patricia (Kinesiology)

Keywords

Kinesiology.

Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

Sport is one avenue through which positive youth development (PYD) can occur (Jones et al., 2011). While some aspects about sport participation are positive, structural issues and registration cut-off dates may detract from positive development. The relative age effect (RAE) suggests that athletes born in the first two quartiles of a given selection year experience a selection advantage and therefore a greater opportunity for success. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between relative age and dropout rates of Ontario Minor Hockey Association male ice-hockey players from ages 10 to 15 years (n=14,325). From chi-square analyses, it appears that dropout was highest amongst players born in quartiles three and four [χ2(3) = 12.85, p < .05; w = .03]. The over-representation of dropouts in the relatively younger players represents an important finding in youth ice-hockey research that has not previously been systemically examined by researchers.

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