Title

The influence of athlete leadership behaviors on perceptions of team cohesion

Date of Award

2008

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.H.K.

Department

Kinesiology

First Advisor

Loughead, Todd (Kinesiology)

Keywords

Psychology, Social.

Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine the influence of athlete leadership behaviors on perceptions of team cohesion. The participants were 315 athletes from 26 varsity and club teams. Each participant completed the Group Environment Questionnaire (Carron, Widmeyer, & Brawley, 1985), which assessed cohesion and the Leadership Scale for Sport (Chelladurai & Saleh, 1980) that assessed athlete leadership behaviors. Because athletes are nested within teams, a multilevel multivariate analysis was used to analyze the data at the individual and team level. Overall, it was found that Training and Instruction, and Social Support positively influenced all four dimensions of cohesion (Individual Attractions to the Group - Task, Individual Attractions to the Group - Social, Group Integration -Task and Group Integration - Social). Furthermore, Autocratic Behavior was negatively associated with the four dimensions of cohesion. Finally, Democratic Behaviour was positively related to Individual Attractions to the Group - Task. Findings from the present study provide coaches and sport psychologist with evidence that it is important to foster the development of athlete leader behaviors in order to influence the team environment.