Date of Award

1994

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.

Department

Political Science

First Advisor

Nelson, Ralph C.,

Keywords

Political Science, General.

Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

The notion of corporatism first emerged during the middle ages, but it was not until the twentieth century that corporatism became a significant factor in the political structure of many countries. Initially, corporations performed representative functions for its members, and were used as vehicles towards socialization; however, these structures did not resemble tripartite arrangements (collaboration between the state, business, and labour interests) that are prominent in contemporary corporatist settings. Corporatism in the twentieth century began to take on new forms. The Italian Fascist State was the first significant example of authoritative corporatism, and this model was shortly thereafter adopted by the Nazi regime in Germany, as well as Spain and Portugal. At the culmination of the Second World War, corporatism was viewed as a term of opprobrium, and remained a non-factor in most polities until its reemergence during the 1970s. By this time, corporatism overcame its pejorative connotations and was implemented in many Western industrialized countries as a reaction to the welfare state, Keynesian economics and as an alternative to pluralism. Therefore, a distinction can be made between state corporatism, which is authoritarian in nature, and societal corporatism which is found in most liberal democracies.Dept. of History, Philosophy, and Political Science. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis1994 .M39. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 34-02, page: 0591. Adviser: Ralph C. Nelson. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1994.

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