Title

Exploring Media Constructions of the Toronto G20 Protests: Images, the Protest Paradigm, and the Impact of Citizen Journalism

Date of Award

2013

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.

Department

Sociology and Anthropology

Keywords

Journalism, Communication, Criminology

Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

This thesis contributes to cultural criminology and media studies literature by examining how the mainstream media textually and visually constructed the Toronto G20 protests, protesters and police leading up to, during and after the summit. In analyzing 300 news articles, this thesis explores the media's use of the protest paradigm, and theorizes the potential impact of citizen journalism on the mainstream media's constructions. This thesis also explores how media constructions used both text and images. The results of this study indicate that media constructions of protests change overtime and are occasionally receptive to new evidence; the media does not always entirely adhere to the protest paradigm. Additionally, citizen journalism can influence media constructions, however, the existence of this material alone does not guarantee that it will be incorporated into media reports--the hierarchy of credibility and the media's role as a gatekeeper seems to partially remain.