Date of Award

2013

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.Sc.

Department

Mechanical, Automotive, and Materials Engineering

First Advisor

A. J. Sobiesiak

Keywords

Applied sciences, ABAQUS, Finite element analysis, Fuji Film, Head gasket

Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

Finite element analysis studies are increasingly being relied upon to improve the design and decrease overall production time of powertrain components. Multi-layer steel head gaskets are important, passive sealing components that exist in almost all internal combustion engines and are crucial for proper engine performance. In industry there currently exist many different approaches for studying this component using finite element analysis. This study attempted to give insight into what finite element methods are currently being used by analysts and if their results correlate with physical test results. The category of finite elements studied for use in the gasket assembly were dependent on the type of results required and included conventional shell, continuum shell, gasket type and three-dimensional solid elements. By use of ABAQUS software and Fuji Pressure Film comparisons, it was found that each element type has strengths and limitations regarding real world correlation, computational expense and ease of procedure.

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