Date of Award

Winter 2014

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Kathryn D.

Keywords

Psychology, Alcohol use, Drinking, Motivation, Personality, Risk behaviour, Socialpsychology

Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to investigate pre-drinking motivations and behaviour within the theoretical framework of reversal theory and the consideration of future consequences. This study assessed the Prepartying Motivations Inventory (PMI) and examined novel motivations identified through a thematic analysis. Pre-drinking was studied in relation to reversal theory as well as the consideration of future and immediate consequences. A sample of 248 undergraduate students completed an online survey consisting of open-ended questions, drinking and pre-drinking questions, a metamotivational state measure, the Motivational Style Profile, the Consideration of Future Consequences scale, the PMI, and a brief demographic questionnaire. It was demonstrated that pre-drinking motivations may be a function of metamotivational dominance, and that consideration of immediate consequences, telic dominance, negativism dominance, and arousal seeking, were significantly related to pre-drinking behaviour. Findings are discussed in terms of practical implications as well as suggestions for future research directions.

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