Date of Award
de Witt, Lorna
Health and environmental sciences, Active engagement, Older adults, Successful aging
CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
This study explored 'how' and 'why' engagement profiles change throughout older adulthood within a framework of successful aging. A convergent parallel mixed methods design was employed. Fifty-four participants (mean age = 79.17, age range = 65-97 years; 21 males, 33 females) completed questionnaires to quantify 'past' and 'present' engagement. Focus groups segmented by decade of life and semi-structured interviews were completed with a subsample of participants (n = 42). Results indicated that participation in productive and active leisure activities decreased with increasing age, while social and passive leisure engagement remained stable. This change in engagement pattern may be a function of the themes derived from the fundamental qualitative description: (a) health and physical limitations, (b) death, (c) freedom, (d) desire, and (e) external influential factors. The 'how' and 'why' of engagement changes in later life were often embedded within the lay-based, multi-dimensional model of successful aging proposed herein.
Carr, Kelly, "Engagement of seniors: 'How' and 'why' engagement profiles change over time" (2014). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 5043.