Date of Award

2011

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.Sc.

Department

Mechanical, Automotive, and Materials Engineering

First Advisor

Afsaneh Edrisy

Second Advisor

Ahmet A Alpas

Keywords

Al-Si alloys, boundary lubrication, E85 bio-fuel, Engine oil, tribology, Ultra-mild wear

Rights

CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

Bio-fuels such as E85 (85% ethanol and 15% gasoline) are clean and cost effective alternative fuel sources. Their effects on the tribological performance of the IC Al-Si engine alloy needs to be investigated. This study explores the ultra mild wear (UMW) mechanisms of an Al-12.6%Si alloy operating under a mixture of E85 fuel and motor oil (5W30) blended at a 1:1 ratio and only engine oil using boundary lubricated condition. Wear tests were conducted at room temperature using a pin-on-disk configuration and 52100 steel balls counterface. They show that samples lubricated with only engine oil and an engine oil E85 blend exhibited similar UMW characteristics. Lower wear rates were obtained when the engine oil was mixed with E85 fuel. Although the oil residue layer is of reduced thickness it is tribologically effective due to the formation of a protective tribochemical film by the alcohol.

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