Date of Award

2012

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.A.

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

Anne Baird

Second Advisor

Dennis Jackson

Keywords

Cognitive Functioning, Diabetes, Meta-Analysis

Rights

CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

There is a large body of literature confirming the presence of cognitive functioning deficits in individuals with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) who have not been diagnosed with dementia, but a clear pattern has yet to emerge. The main goal of the present study was to determine the pattern and magnitude of cognitive functioning deficits in individuals with T2DM without dementia using meta analysis. Differences in cognitive functioning were evaluated between those with T2DM and non-diabetic controls on specified cognitive abilities as well as on individual neuropsychological tests. Individuals with T2DM performed significantly lower than non-diabetic controls (p < 0.05) on all cognitive abilities and on all neuropsychological tests evaluated. The majority of effect sizes were in the small range. The findings from this study will help to inform clinical work with individuals with T2DM and will be a first step towards improving patient care and treatment adherence

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