Date of Award

2015

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Department

Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Advisor

Narayan C Kar

Keywords

electric vehicle

Rights

CC-BY-NC-ND

Abstract

This dissertation contributes to the optimal design of battery-ultracapacitor hybrid sources light/heavy duty electrified vehicle power-train architectures. Electrified vehicle (EV) in automotive technology is one of the major solutions to today’s environmental concerns such as air pollution and greenhouse effects. Light duty and heavy duty EVs can reduce the amount of the pollution effectively. Since, in this area all researches deal with optimal cost of the system and rarely consider the regenerate brake energy, the lack of comprehensive study on other important issues on optimal sizing including size, space, and acceleration time is feeling. Also it is necessary to be comparing with regenerate brake energy for battery and UC or both scenarios. Therefore the first part of this study consists of comprehensive optimization of a hybridized energy storage system including batteries and ultracapacitors considering a multi-objective function of cost, space, weight, and acceleration time. In motor drive part of the power-train, a study on analyzing current topologies is essential and if possible any new design which results in better efficiency and harmonics distortion would be appreciated. So in the nest part of this research which is the DC/AC motor drive, a novel motor drive with stacked matrix converter (SMC) was developed. This new design was compared with two other popular DC/AC inverters and was proved to be more efficient and an optimal match for the EV application. In the last phase of this research, since the DC/DC converter deals with battery/UC hybrid sources and their energy management systems (EMS), it needs to be fast enough that can improve the dynamics of the system, but so far, very rare studies have been done to improve the DC/DC converter dynamics in EV applications. Therefore the need of applying prediction algorithms to modify the controller of DC/DC converter dynamics is feeling. Therefore, three different prediction algorithms were developed to be used as the predictive controller for the DC/DC converter. Linear prediction as one of the fast and precise prediction algorithms were applied and modified.

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