Date of Award

2016

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D.

Department

Sociology, Anthropology, and Criminology

First Advisor

Fitzgerald, Amy

Keywords

Demographic and Health Survey, Former Soviet Union, Intimate Partner Violence, Post-Soviet countries, Violence against women, Women

Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

Violence against women (VAW) is a pressing global problem that violates women’s rights and negatively affects their health and well-being. While VAW in the global context encompasses a variety of acts, the most common form is violence against females perpetrated by their male intimate partners or IPV. Investigating IPV in different societies and analyzing micro and macro-level factors (i.e., social, economic, psychological, etc.) that contribute to IPV is important for social scientists in order to understand the nature of IPV. This dissertation examines physical IPV against women in five countries of the former Soviet Union (FSU): Azerbaijan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Tajikistan, and Ukraine, using survey data generated through the Demographic and Health surveys. Although a number of studies on IPV have been conducted in developing countries around the world, research in other geographic regions cannot simply be extrapolated to the FSU countries due to their unique geopolitical, cultural, social, and economic characteristics. Drawing on socialist feminist and resource theories, I explored IPV in the FSU societies through a comprehensive set of hypotheses predicated on the assumption that the roots of violence against women are based in the unequal power relations between men and women and the normative use of violence in society.

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