Date of Award

2016

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.H.K.

Department

Kinesiology

First Advisor

Chandler, Krista

Keywords

Adolescence, Imagery, Mental Toughness, MTQ48, SIQ-C, Youth Sport

Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between young athletes’ imagery use and mental toughness. Participants (N = 76) included both male (n = 28) and female (n = 48) athletes (Mage = 12.49, SD = 1.06). They completed two questionnaires; one measuring the cognitive and motivational functions of imagery, and the other assessing the 4C’s of mental toughness. A series of hierarchical multiple regressions revealed that imagery use significantly predicted all 4C’s of mental toughness (Challenge, Commitment, Control, Confidence). Specifically, the motivational general-mastery function of imagery emerged as the strongest individual predictor of all 4C’s and cognitive general imagery emerged as a significant predictor for Challenge and Confidence. Developmental considerations and applied recommendations are discussed.

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