Long term impact of stressing agents on fermentative hydrogen production: Effect on the hydrogenase flux and population diversity
biohydrogen production; Flux balance analysis; heat-treatment; homoacetogenic bacteria; Homoacetogens; Hydrogenase activity; Inoculum pretreatment; linoleic-acid; methanogenic bacteria; mixed anaerobic communities; Mixed anaerobic culture; nutritional-requirements; sludge; sp-nov; statistical approach
In this study, the long term effect of different microbial stressing agents on hydrogen (H-2) production was examined using repeated batch cultivations. When compared to thermophilic cultures, higher H-2 yields were observed in mesophilic cultures receiving repeated glucose addition. Methane production was only observed in control mesophilic cultures receiving repeated 5 glucose additions. Lower hydrogenase evolution specific activity was observed in thermophilic cultures (except alkali-treated cultures) compared to mesophilic cultures. For both mesophilic and thermophilic cultures, the hydrogenase uptake specific activity of the untreated control cultures exhibited higher levels of activity than the pre-treated cultures. A flux balance analysis (FBA) showed negligible homoacetogenic flux in mesophilic cultures pretreated with linoleic acid (IA) and loading shock (LS) after successive batch cultivations. The homoacetogenic flux accounted for approximately 98% loss in the H-2 yield in untreated mesophilic control cultures. Both homoacetogens (Eubacterium sp.) and aceticlastic methanogens (Methanosaeta sp. and Methanosarcina sp.) were abundant in the control cultures. In comparison, Clostridium sp. were dominant in mesophilic stress treated cultures whereas under thermophilic conditions, the dominant microorganisms were Flavobacterium sp., Bacillus sp., Thermoanaerobacter sp., Bacteroides sp., Lactobacillus sp. and Thioalkalivibrio sp. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Shanmugam, Saravanan R.; Lalman, Jerald A.; Chaganti, Subba Rao; Heath, Daniel D.; Lau, Peter C. K.; and Shewa, Wudneh A.. (2016). Long term impact of stressing agents on fermentative hydrogen production: Effect on the hydrogenase flux and population diversity. Renewable Energy, 88, 483-493.