Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2014

Publication Title

Applied Thermal Engineering

Volume

62

Issue

1359-4311/$

First Page

424

Last Page

432

DOI

10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2013.10.006

Keywords

absorption, air-conditioning, solar thermal, COP, exergy losses, exergetic efficiency.

Abstract

Large scale heat-driven absorption cooling systems are available in the marketplace for industrial applications but the concept of a solar driven absorption chiller for air-conditioning applications is relatively new. Absorption chillers have a lower efficiency than compression refrigeration systems, when used for small scale applications and this restrains the absorption cooling system from air conditioning applications in residential buildings. The potential of a solar driven ammonia-water absorption chiller for residential air conditioning application is discussed and analyzed in this paper. A thermodynamic model has been developed based on a 10 kW air cooled ammonia-water absorption chiller driven by solar thermal energy. Both energy and exergy analyses have been conducted to evaluate the performance of this residential scale cooling system. The analyses uncovered that the absorber is where the most exergy loss occurs (63%) followed by the generator (13%) and the condenser (11%). Furthermore, the exergy loss of the condenser and absorber greatly increase with temperature, the generator less so, and the exergy loss in the evaporator is the least sensitive to increasing temperature.

Comments

The definitive version of this article is available from Elsevier at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2013.10.006

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.

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