Journal of Organizational Behavior
organizational membership, worker retention, older workers
Drawing on the perceived organizational membership theoretical framework and the group-value justice model, we developed and tested a model predicting older workers' intention to remain with their organization. We hypothesized that human resource practices targeted to older workers would be related to perceived insider status through how older workers perceived their supervisor managed these practices (perceived procedural and interpersonal justice). We also hypothesized that perceived insider status would mediate the relationship between perceived contribution and intention to remain. We conducted two studies to test the hypothesized model. Study 1 participants (N = 236) were a diverse group of older workers and Study 2 participants (N = 420) were older registered nurses. Using structural equation modeling, we found support for the hypothesized model. All of the hypothesized relationships were significant in Study 2 and all except one were significant in Study 1. Older workers will want to remain a member of their organization when their organization engages in practices tailored to the needs of older workers, their supervisor implements these practices fairly, and their organization conveys that it values the contribution of its older workers thereby fostering a strong sense of belonging.
Schlosser, Francine K. and Armstrong-Stassen, Marjorie. (2011). Perceived organizational membership and the retention of older workers. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 32 (2), 319-344.