Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2010

Publication Title

Transportation Research Part B

Volume

44

Issue

8

First Page

972

Last Page

982

DOI

10.1016/j.trb.2009.12.009

Keywords

Traffic equilibrium, Congestion pricing, Pareto-improving, Revenue refunding

Abstract

This study investigates Pareto-improving congestion pricing and revenue refunding schemes in general transportation networks, which make every road user better off as compared with the situation without congestion pricing. We consider user heterogeneity in value of time (VOT) by adopting a multiclass user model with fixed origin–destination (OD) demands. We first prove that an OD and class-based Pareto-improving refunding scheme exists if and only if the total system monetary travel disutility is reduced. In view of the practical difficulty in identifying individual user’s VOT, we further investigate class-anonymous refunding schemes that give the same amount of refund to all user classes traveling between the same OD pair regardless of their VOTs. We establish a sufficient condition for the existence of such OD-specific but class-anonymous Pareto-improving refunding schemes, which needs information only on the average toll paid and average travel time for trips between each OD pair.

Comments

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Transportation Research Part B. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Transportation Research Part B, 44 (8), 2010 and is available here.

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