Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2012

Publication Title

International Journal of Intercultural Relations

Volume

36

Issue

2

First Page

238

Last Page

247

DOI

10.1016/j.ijintrel.2011.03.006

Keywords

Cooperation, Culture, Management, Individualism, Collectivism, Power distance

Abstract

Businesses are coordinated organizations, and cooperation among employees reduces overall organizational costs. Understanding how important cooperation is among different cultures is important, as business becomes increasingly global. However, cross-cultural literature on cooperation deals with firm alliances, joint ventures, and other firm interrelationships, but not on societal differences in cooperation. Is cooperation similar across cultures? Using proxies, this study sought to operationalize cooperation and examine its underpinnings in countries, using the cultural dimensions of individualism and power distance. Although the initial hypotheses stated that cooperation would look different across these dimensions, the international set of 6452 respondents showed that the overwhelming majority had a similar view of cooperation. The study adds to our understanding of cooperation in different societies and contexts, and suggests that there may be a universal view of cooperation across cultures.

Comments

NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in the International Journal of Intercultural Relations. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Intercultural Relations 36, 2012 (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0147176711000381)

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