Development of a Scale to Measure the Trait of Food Neophobia in Humans
Food Neophobia, food preferences, food selection
Using standard test construction techniques, we developed a paper and pencil measure of the trait of food neophobia, which was defined as a reluctance to eat and/or avoidance of novel foods. The resulting lo-item test was found to have satisfactory test-retest reliability and internal consistency. Three behavioral validation studies demonstrated that test scores predicted behavior in laboratory food selection situations. Scores on the measure were found to be correlated with trait anxiety, age, the Experience Seeking subscale of the Sensation Seeking Scale, general neophobia, and general familiarity and experience with unusual foods.Scores were not related to gender or to finickiness.
Pliner, Patricia and Hobden, Karen L.. (1992). Development of a Scale to Measure the Trait of Food Neophobia in Humans. Appetite, 19 (2), 105-120.