Title

Development of a Scale to Measure the Trait of Food Neophobia in Humans

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-1992

Publication Title

Appetite

Volume

19

Issue

2

First Page

105

Last Page

120

DOI

10.1016/0195-6663(92)90014-W

Keywords

Food Neophobia, food preferences, food selection

Abstract

Using standard test construction techniques, we developed a paper and pencil measure of the trait of food neophobia, which was defined as a reluctance to eat and/or avoidance of novel foods. The resulting lo-item test was found to have satisfactory test-retest reliability and internal consistency. Three behavioral validation studies demonstrated that test scores predicted behavior in laboratory food selection situations. Scores on the measure were found to be correlated with trait anxiety, age, the Experience Seeking subscale of the Sensation Seeking Scale, general neophobia, and general familiarity and experience with unusual foods.Scores were not related to gender or to finickiness.