Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1996

Publication Title

Social Work with Groups

Volume

19

Issue

1

First Page

19

Last Page

27

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J009v19n01_03

Keywords

Childhood, Depression, Female, Group work, Meta-analysis, Review, Self-esteem, Sexual Abuse, Survivor, Women

Abstract

This meta-analytic review synthesizes the findings of seven published independent studies dealing with group work with female survivors of childhood sexual abuse, and compares the effectiveness of short-term versus long-term methods. Across-study summative findings were: (1) generally, group work has large beneficial effects upon female survivors' affect and self-esteem-three-quarters of the group participants improve; (2) no extant empirical evidence supports the differential effectiveness of either short-term or long-term groups; and (3) only one study to date has reported the size of long-term methods' clinical effect. In short, the question of the differential effectiveness of short- versus long-term group work with female survivors is not yet answerable with the extant research literature. Future research needs are discussed.

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