Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1995

Publication Title

Journal of Community Health

Volume

20

Issue

4

First Page

359

Last Page

366

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02283060

Keywords

Adult, African Americans, Cross-Sectional Studies, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Humans, Incidence, Male, Neoplasms/epidemiology, Neoplasms/etiology, New York/epidemiology, Poverty/statistics & numerical data, Risk Factors, Urban Population/statistics & numerical data

Abstract

This cumulative incidence study was accomplished among adults in Upstate New York metropolitan areas (Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse and Albany--1979-1986). It used a new ecological socioeconomic status measure--near poverty status (i.e., below 200% of the federally established poverty criterion, including the poor and near poor)--and observed its association with site-specific cancer incidence (lung, stomach, cervix uteri, prostate, colon, rectum and breast). Findings were: 1) near poverty status is directly associated with each cancer site's incidence and the strength of the associations are similar among blacks and whites for each one and 2) the prevalence of exposure, of living in high near impoverishment areas, is nearly seven-fold greater among blacks; prevalence ratio [PR] = 6.74 (95% confidence interval [CI]:5.07,8.99).

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