Title

Specific truncations of an acetolactate synthase gene from Brassica napus efficiently complement ilvB/ilvG mutants of Salmonella typhimurium

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1990

Publication Title

Molecular and General Genetics MGG

Volume

224

Issue

1

First Page

155

Last Page

159

DOI

10.1007/BF00259463

Abstract

SummaryThe expression of an acetolactate synthase (ALS) gene isolated from the cruciferous plant Brassica napus was investigated in Salmonella typhimurium. Using an expression plasmid containing the highly active trc (trp-lac) promoter, several plant ALS constructs were made containing successive in-frame truncations from the 5′ end of the coding region. Functional complementation by these plant ALS constructs of a S. typhimurium mutant devoid of ALS enzymic activity was assayed on minimal medium. Truncations which eliminated a large portion of the transit peptide coding sequence proved to act as efficient ALS genes in the bacterial host. Truncations close to the putative processing site of the plant protein were inactive in the complementation test. A full length copy of the gene, including the entire transit peptide coding region, was also inactive. The efficiency of the complementation, estimated by comparison to the growth rate of wild-type S. typhimurium, was found to correlate with levels of ALS activity in the transformed bacteria. Specific mutations, known to produce herbicide resistance in plants, were introduced into the truncated ALS coding sequence by site-directed mutagenesis. When expressed in bacteria these constructs conferred a herbicide resistance phenotype on the host. The potential of this system for mutagenesis and enzymological studies of plant proteins is discussed.

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