Tactic-specific benefits of polyandry in Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha
Journal of Fish Biology
alternative reproductive tactics, genetic benefits, hatching success, multiple mating, sperm competition
This study examined whether polyandrous female Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha obtain benefits compared with monandrous females through an increase in hatching success. Both of the alternative reproductive tactics present in male O. tshawytscha (large hooknoses and small, precocious jacks) were used, such that eggs were either fertilized by a single male (from each tactic) or multiple males (using two males from the same or different tactics). The results show that fertilized eggs from the polyandrous treatments had a significantly higher hatching success than those from the monandrous treatments. It is also shown that sperm speed was positively related with offspring hatching success. Finally, there were tactic-specific effects on the benefits females received. The inclusion of jacks in any cross resulted in offspring with higher hatching success, with the cross that involved a male from each tactic providing offspring with the highest hatching success than any other cross. This study has important implications for the evolution of multiple mating and why it is so prevalent across taxa, while also providing knowledge on the evolution of mating systems, specifically those with alternative reproductive tactics.
Lewis, Jason A. and Pitcher, Trevor E., "Tactic-specific benefits of polyandry in Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha" (2017). Journal of Fish Biology, 90, 4, 1244-1256.