The expression of tenascin-C along the lamprey olfactory pathway during embryonic development and following axotomy-induced replacement of the olfactory receptor neurons
Developmental Brain Research
Extracellular guidance molecules affect the pathway of growing axons by both attractive and repulsive interactions. Tenascin-C, a glycoprotein of the extracellular matrix, is localized along developing axonal pathways where it may function by repulsion, restricting axons within specific boundaries. The lamprey olfactory pathway offers an advantageous model for studying the role of extracellular matrix proteins in axon guidance because the entire pathway is readily seen in horizontal sections and because lesioning the olfactory nerve will induce the system into a new phase of coordinated neurogenesis and axon outgrowth. Although tenascin-C expression was absent during embryonic development, olfactory nerve fascicles contained tenascin-C-immunoreactivity (IR) during the larval stage. During retrograde degeneration, the fascicles lost tenascin-C-IR. Diffuse unfasciculated axonal processes extending from the olfactory epithelium did not express tenascin-C-IR; however, acetylated tubulin and GAP-43-IR was present, indicating axonal outgrowth. When the newly extended axons of olfactory receptor neurons converged to form fascicles, tenascin-C-IR was evident within the fascicular boundaries. The absence of tenascin-C expression when axonal process were short and diffuse, and its return when axons coalesced within fascicles, supports the view that tenascin-C functions as a boundary molecule in the olfactory pathway.
Zaidi, Aliya U.; Kafitz, Karl W.; Greer, Charles A.; and Zielinski, Barbara S., "The expression of tenascin-C along the lamprey olfactory pathway during embryonic development and following axotomy-induced replacement of the olfactory receptor neurons" (1998). Developmental Brain Research, 109, 2, 157-168.