Glutamatergic and GABAergic regulation of neural responses in inferior colliculus to amplitude-modulated sounds
Journal of Neurophysiology
Recordings were made from single neurons in the rat inferior colliculus in response to sinusoidally amplitude-modulated sounds (10-s duration) presented to the contralateral ear. Neural responses were determined for different rates of modulation (0.5 Hz to 1 kHz) at a depth of 100%, and modulation transfer functions were generated based on firing rate (MTFFR) and vector strength (MTFVS). The effects of AMPA, NMDA, and GABAA receptor antagonists were examined by releasing drugs iontophoretically through a multibarrel pipette attached to a single-barrel recording pipette. Both the AMPA receptor antagonist, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-6-nitro-2,3-dioxo-benzo[f]quinoxaline-7-sulfonamide disodium (NBQX), and the NMDA receptor antagonist, (±)-3-(2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)-propyl-1-phosphonic acid (CPP) resulted in a decrease in firing rate, and the GABAA receptor antagonist, bicuculline, produced an increase in the firing rate in most of the cells examined. In some cases, the shape of the MTFFR was modified slightly by receptor antagonists, but in most cases, the peak firing rate that determined a neuron's best modulation frequency remained the same. Also there were no changes during delivery of either excitatory or inhibitory antagonists in the maximum response synchrony at the peak of the MTFVS although some changes were noticed at off-peak modulation rates particularly with the AMPA receptor antagonist, NBQX.
Zhang, H. and Kelly, J. B., "Glutamatergic and GABAergic regulation of neural responses in inferior colliculus to amplitude-modulated sounds" (2003). Journal of Neurophysiology, 90, 1, 477-490.