Title

Effect of season and habitat on PCB bioaccumulation by caged bluegill sunfish deployed in a Great Lakes Area of concern

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2014

Publication Title

Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

Volume

93

Issue

1

First Page

1

Last Page

6

DOI

10.1007/s00128-014-1280-z

Abstract

Bluegill sunfish were caged in the Detroit River, Ontario, Canada, for 64 days to determine bioaccumulation rates of PCBs. Deployments involved placing fish in cages suspended in the water (suspended cages) compared to cages partially buried in sediments. Deployments were performed in the summer and winter months. During summer, fish exhibited significant increases in body weight and lipid content (sediment associated cages only), whereas in winter, body weights did not change. Lipid normalized PCB concentrations and PCB mass in fish increased significantly with time in summer deployments, but not in winter. Fish continued to accumulate PCBs over the 64 days caging duration except for PCBs 33, 49, and 52 in sediment associated cages. There were no significant differences in the bioaccumulation of PCBs between cage types. This study confirms that biomonitoring studies using caged fish should ensure chemical toxicokinetics are consistent when comparing bioaccumulation results among sites and/or time points. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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