Title

In situ measurement of tissue turnover and energy conversion efficiencies in lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) using a novel toxicokinetic approach

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2005

Publication Title

Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences

Volume

62

Issue

2

First Page

464

Last Page

471

DOI

10.1139/f04-206

Abstract

We determined polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) elimination patterns in lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) from Lake Ontario using biomonitoring data collected from 1977 to 1993. The in situ elimination rates of these persistent pollutants were found to describe tissue turnover rates in lake trout. A model relating tissue turnover rates and endogenous energy conversion efficiencies revealed that chemical elimination in larger organisms is primarily regulated by food limitation and bioenergetic mechanisms rather than chemical kinetics. Lake trout approximately 2500 g and larger were observed to have higher PCB elimination rates than smaller fish as a result of increased lipid mobilization to supplement metabolic demands due to increased time spent foraging. This study concludes that the growth and production of large predators in Lake Ontario are regulated by the bioenergetic constraints of searching for prey in a food-limited environment. We also demonstrate that persistent organic pollutant kinetics can describe the proportion of endogenous energy required to support metabolism and production, thus providing important in situ measurements of bioenergetic processes. © 2005 NRC Canada.

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