Title

Hydrophobic organic compound (HOC) partitioning behaviour to municipal wastewater colloidal organic carbon

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2013

Publication Title

Water Research

Volume

47

Issue

7

First Page

2222

Last Page

2230

DOI

10.1016/j.watres.2013.01.039

Abstract

The sorption behaviour of hydrophobic organic compounds (HOCs) 1,2,4,5-tetrachlor-obenzene (TeCB), pentachlorobenzene (PeCB) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) to Aldrich humic acid (AHA) and municipal wastewater treatment plant (MWTP) influent colloidal organic carbon (COC) was investigated using the gas-stripping technique. Gas stripping assumptions of gas/water equilibrium and a constant volatilization rate were validated prior to calculation of partitioning parameters. The logKCOC coefficients determined for MWTP influent COC were 3.86, 3.89 and 3.19 for TeCB, PeCB and HCB, respectively. Due to the presence of COC, the mass transfer of TeCB, PeCB and HCB with the primary effluent to the secondary biological stage was predicted to increase 8.7%, 9.6% and 1.2%, respectively, based on the measured COC concentration and logKCOC values. The calculated increases in apparent solubility for TeCB, PeCB and HCB in the primary effluent were 14.4%, 22.0% and 6.5%, respectively. This partitioning did not follow the expected trend (TeCB < PeCB < HCB) based on hydrophobicity predicted by octanol/water partitioning. The trend observed differed from the current AHA standard and correlation-based trends derived from natural COCs. More experiments with other HOCs are needed to better understand and predict the magnitude and significance of MWTP influent COCs on the fate and transport of HOCs during the MWTP process. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Share

COinS