Effects of decomposition on carbon and nitrogen stable isotope values of muscle tissue of varying lipid content from three aquatic vertebrate species
Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
Rationale Stable isotopes are a prominent tool in animal ecology where data is obtained from analyzing animal tissues, which are typically stored prior to analysis. However, the effect of decomposition on the reliability of stable isotope ratios from animal tissue prior to storage has been seldom studied. Here, we examine the long-term effects of freezing and decomposition of animal tissue on δ13C and δ15N values across three different aquatic species of varying lipid content. Methods Ringed seal, lake trout and Greenland shark muscle were divided into different treatment groups and analyzed for their δ13C values, carbon content (%C), δ15N values, and nitrogen content (%N) at specific time intervals. The intervals included days 0, 128 and 700 for the frozen storage treatment and at days 0, 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128 and 256 for the tissue decomposition treatment in open and closed vials at room temperature. Results The difference in δ13C and δ15N values between the control and days 128 and 700 for the frozen treatment was minimal and not significant for any species. Generally, significant decreases in carbon (%C) and nitrogen (%N) content and significant increases ( > 0.5‰) in δ13C and δ15N values occurred for muscle of each species left to decompose for 256 days, probably due to the preferential uptake of lighter isotopes during decomposition by microbes. However, the magnitude of change in the δ13C and δ15N values up to 8 days in both treatments was low (generally ≤ 0.1‰) and not significant across most species. Conclusions Freezing for extended time periods (up to 700 days) is a viable storage technique for stable isotope analysis of aquatic animal muscle tissue across a range of lipid contents. Muscle tissue left to decompose at room temperature showed no significant change in δ13C and δ15N values after 8 days, and such tissues would still be reliable for ecological interpretations. However, caution should be used for decomposed tissue for > 8 days as the δ13C and δ15N values will probably be artificially high. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Yurkowski, David J.; Hussey, Anna J.; Hussey, Nigel E.; and Fisk, Aaron T., "Effects of decomposition on carbon and nitrogen stable isotope values of muscle tissue of varying lipid content from three aquatic vertebrate species" (2017). Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 31, 4, 389-395.