Adult parasitoids of the southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), feed on artificial diet on pine boles, pine canopy foliage and understory hardwood foliage
Biocontrol Science and Technology
This study examined adult parasitoids of Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) utilizing an artificial parasitoid food on locations with and without hosts. Eliminade™ was applied to bark on boles of infested pines, to pine canopy foliage and to understory hardwood foliage. Adult parasitoids were collected, identified and dissected to determine the presence of Eliminade™ within their guts. Individuals from eight parasitoid species were collected on pine boles within D. frontalis infestations in the Talladega National Forest (Alabama) in the summer of 1999 and 2000. Mean percentage of parasitoids feeding on Eliminade™ was 62±10% during both summers. Percentage of parasitoids feeding was the same 24 h after Eliminade™ application, regardless of food location or parasitoid species. Seven days later, level of parasitoid feeding on Eliminade™ was insignificant in the pine canopy and hardwood understory. In contrast, percent of parasitoid feeding on Eliminade™ applied to pine boles remained the same between 1 and 7 days of the application. Therefore, not only will adult parasitoids visit and feed on artificial food on pine boles with hosts, but also non-host locations such as pine canopy and understory hardwood foliage. These results have implications for potential sources of adult nutrition for parasitoids of D. frontalis.
Vanlaerhoven, Sherah L.; Stephen, Fred M.; and Browne, Lloyd E., "Adult parasitoids of the southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann (Coleoptera: Scolytidae), feed on artificial diet on pine boles, pine canopy foliage and understory hardwood foliage" (2005). Biocontrol Science and Technology, 15, 3, 243-254.