Title

Identification and molecular characterization of the phytoplasma associated with peach rosette-like disease at the Canadian Clonal Genebank based on the 16S rRNA gene analysis

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2011

Publication Title

Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology

Volume

33

Issue

2

First Page

127

Last Page

134

DOI

10.1080/07060661.2011.558854

Abstract

Peach trees exhibiting peach rosette-like disease symptoms and infected by a phytoplasma of group 16SrI ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris’ at the Canadian Clonal Genebank were further tested for the pathogen characterization based on the 16S rRNA gene. Nested PCR with phytoplasma universal primers R16mF2/R1 and R16F2n/R2 resulted in amplification of products of approximately 1.25 kb from all four symptomatic trees tested. Virtual RFLP of the R16F2n/R2 sequenced amplicons with selected restriction endonucleases showed unique RFLP patterns when compared to the described 16SrI phytoplasma subgroups; these data were confirmed by phylogenetic analyses. The phytoplasma was therefore assigned as a member of a new 16SrI subgroup (16SrI-W). Results represent the first report of a new phytoplasma 16SrI subgroup infecting peach in Canada, and provide a valuable tool for further epidemiological studies on this phytoplasma in peach.

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