Author ORCID Identifier

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2956-9781 : James W. Gauld

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2017

Publication Title

The Journal of Physical Chemistry

Volume

121

Issue

27

First Page

6570

Last Page

6579

DOI

10.1021/acs.jpcb.7b04671

Abstract

Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are a ubiquitous class of enzymes that have central roles in a number of important physiological processes. Using a multiscale computational approach, we have investigated the mechanism by which the active-site cysteine (Cys50) in the typical 2-Cys Prx from Archaea (ApTPx) is oxidized by H2O2 to sulfenic acid. In addition, its further oxidation to give a sulfinic acid and its possible alternate intramolecular reaction to form an experimentally proposed hypervalent sulfurane were examined. Oxidation of Cys50 by H2O2 to give the sulfenic acid intermediate occurs in one step with a barrier of 82.1 kJ mol−1 . A two-step pathway is proposed with a very low barrier of 16.5 kJ mol−1 by which it can subsequently react with an adjacent histidyl (His42) to form the pseudohypervalent sulfurane. This pathway also involves an adjacent aspartyl (Asp45), which helps alternate the protonation state of His42. The sulfurane’s Cys50S···NδHis42 interaction was characterized using QTAIM, NCI, and NBO analyses and found to be a noncovalent interaction. Notably, this bond helps orient the Cys50SOH moiety such that it is less susceptible to oxidation by H2O2 to sulfinic acid. Significantly, sulfurane formation is energetically favored to further H2O2 oxidation of Cys50SOH to a sulfinic acid, providing a mechanism by which the active-site Cys50 is protected against overoxidation.

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