Copyright © 2019 American Chemical Society. A nanoprecipitation procedure was utilized to prepare novel diketopyrrolopyrrole-based semiconducting polymer nanoparticles (SPNs) with hyaluronic acid (HA) and polysorbate 80. The nanoprecipitation led to the formation of spherical nanoparticles with average diameters ranging from 100 to 200 nm, and a careful control over the structure of the parent conjugated polymers was performed to probe the influence of π-conjugation on the final photophysical and thermal stability of the resulting SPNs. Upon generation of a series of novel SPNs, the optical and photophysical properties of the new nanomaterials were probed in solution using various techniques including transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, small-angle neutron scattering, transient absorption, and UV-vis spectroscopy. A careful comparison was performed between the different SPNs to evaluate their excited-state dynamics and photophysical properties, both before and after nanoprecipitation. Interestingly, although soluble in organic solution, the nanoparticles were found to exhibit aggregative behavior, resulting in SPNs that exhibit excited-state behaviors that are very similar to aggregated polymer solutions. Based on these findings, the formation of HA- and polysorbate 80-based nanoparticles does not influence the photophysical properties of the conjugated polymers, thus opening new opportunities for the design of bioimaging agents and nanomaterials for health-related applications.
Langlois, Adam; Mason, Gage T.; Nguyen, Michael H.L.; Rezapour, Mehdi; Karsenti, Paul Ludovic; Marquardt, Drew; and Rondeau-Gagné, Simon. (2019). Photophysical and Optical Properties of Semiconducting Polymer Nanoparticles Prepared from Hyaluronic Acid and Polysorbate 80. ACS Omega, 4 (27), 22591-22600.