Physical Sciences Reviews
biomass, cellulose, chitin, chitosan, heterocycles, sustainable chemistry
Carbohydrates, in the form of chitin, chitosan and cellulose, are one of the most available, renewable, and sustainable chemical feedstocks. Their conversion to biofuels, fine chemicals, and industrially-relevant monomers is becoming increasingly viable and promising as innovation decreases the price of this technology, and climate change and the price of fossil fuels increases the social and economic costs of using traditional feedstocks. In recent years, carbohydrates have been increasingly used as sources for nitrogen-containing fine chemicals. This chapter, with 86 references, provides a brief overview of the conversion of carbohydrate biomass to the standard hydrocarbon and oxygen-containing derivatives, and then provides a survey of recent progress in converting the biopolymers, and the derived mono and di-saccharides, into nitrogen-containing molecules with a special focus on N-heterocycle synthesis for medicinal applications.
Sadraei, S. Iraj; St Onge, Brent; and Trant, John F.. (2019). Recent advances in the application of carbohydrates as renewable feedstocks for the synthesis of nitrogen-containing compounds. Physical Sciences Reviews, 4 (1).