2D materials, Fabric, Metal, Polymer, Sustainability
Abstract: To realize the full gamut of functions that are envisaged for electronic textiles (e-textiles) a range of semiconducting, conducting and electrochemically active materials are needed. This article will discuss how metals, conducting polymers, carbon nanotubes, and two-dimensional (2D) materials, including graphene and MXenes, can be used in concert to create e-textile materials, from fibers and yarns to patterned fabrics. Many of the most promising architectures utilize several classes of materials (e.g., elastic fibers composed of a conducting material and a stretchable polymer, or textile devices constructed with conducting polymers or 2D materials and metal electrodes). While an increasing number of materials and devices display a promising degree of wash and wear resistance, sustainability aspects of e-textiles will require greater attention. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].
Lund, Anja; Wu, Yunyun; Fenech-Salerno, Benji; Torrisi, Felice; Carmichael, Tricia Breen; and Müller, Christian. (2021). Conducting materials as building blocks for electronic textiles. MRS Bulletin, 46 (6), 491-501.