Title

Templated self-assembly of glass microspheres into ordered two-dimensional arrays under dry conditions

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-6-2010

Publication Title

Langmuir

Volume

26

Issue

7

First Page

5286

Last Page

5290

Abstract

This paper describes a new approach to mesoscale self-assembly in which a stream of nitrogen is used to propel micrometer-scale components toward a template of patterned liquid adhesive drops. This approach combines the use of capillary forces to hold the components in place with dry processing conditions. Eliminating the use of a liquid medium to suspend components is an important goal for mesoscale self-assembly methods because it eliminates the need for special encapsulation to protect electrically functional components. We demonstrate the dry self-assembly approach by assembling 100 μm glass microspheres into a variety of 2D patterns. A study of defects in these arrays relates parameters associated with the template-density of binding sites and volume of liquid adhesive comprising the drops -to the frequency of defects arising from the incorporation of additional microspheres into the array. Optimized template parameters and self-assembly conditions yield 2D arrays with defect rates of ∼4-5%. We also demonstrate the versatility of this self-assembly method by producing ordered binary arrays of clear and black glass microspheres. © 2009 American Chemical Society.

DOI

10.1021/la903679x

ISSN

07437463

E-ISSN

15205827

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