An efficient synthesis of symmetrical oligothiophenes: Synthesis and transport properties of a soluble sexithiophene derivative
Chemistry of Materials
We report a new approach for the synthesis of symmetrical oligothiophenes based on a highly efficient palladium-catalyzed Ullmann coupling reaction. This synthetic route enables the simple preparation of substituted oligothiophenes with a wider range of functionalities and in higher yield compared to previously reported syntheses. We demonstrate our procedure by preparing a novel, highly soluble α,ω-substituted sexithiophene, dibutylphosphonate-α-sexithiophene (DBP-α-6T). We present spectroscopic characterization of this compound in solution and solution cast thin films. Thin film transistors (TFTs) fabricated using solution cast thin films of DBP-α-6T as the p-type semiconducting channel have high on/off ratios, demonstrating the utility of this synthetic approach in the preparation of highly pure materials for solution-deposited organic electronic devices.
Afzali, A.; Breen, T. L.; and Kagan, C. R.. (2002). An efficient synthesis of symmetrical oligothiophenes: Synthesis and transport properties of a soluble sexithiophene derivative. Chemistry of Materials, 14 (4), 1742-1746.