Author ORCID Identifier
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7813-1973 : Raman Jangra
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4780-4968 : John F. Trant
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
In the present work, 86 available high resolution X-ray structures of proteins that contain one or more guanidinium ions (Gdm+) are analyzed for the distribution and nature of noncovalent interactions between Gdm+ and amino-acid residues. A total of 1044 hydrogen-bonding interactions were identified, of which 1039 are N–H⋯O, and five are N–H⋯N. Acidic amino acids are more likely to interact with Gdm+ (46% of interactions, 26% Asp and 20% Glu), followed by Pro (19% of interactions). DFT calculations on the identified Gdm+–amino acid hydrogen-bonded pairs reveal that although Gdm+ interacts primarily with the backbone amides of nonpolar amino acids, Gdm+ does interact with the sidechains of polar and acidic amino acids. We classified the optimized Gdm+–amino acid pairs into parallel [p], bifurcated [b], single hydrogen bonded [s] and triple hydrogen bonded [t] types. The [p] and [t] type pairs possess higher average interaction strength that is stronger than that of [b] and [s] type pairs. Negatively charged aspartate and glutamate residues interact with Gdm+ ion exceptionally tightly (−76 kcal mol−1) in [p] type complexes. This work provides statistical and energetics insights to better describe the observed destabilization or denaturation process of proteins by guanidinium salts.
Negi, Indu; Jangra, Raman; Gharu, Amit; Trant, John F.; and Sharma, Purshotam. (2022). Guanidinium–amino acid hydrogen-bonding interactions in protein crystal structures: implications for guanidinium-induced protein denaturation. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2023 (25), 857-869.
Available for download on Friday, December 08, 2023