A comprehensive approach to horizontal class fragmentation in a Distributed Object Based System

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Distributed and Parallel Databases





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Optimal application performance on a Distributed Object Based System (DOBS) requires class fragmentation and the development of allocation schemes to place fragments at distributed sites so data transfer is minimized. Fragmentation enhances application performance by reducing the amount of irrelevant data accessed and the amount of data transferred unnecessarily between distributed sites. Algorithms for effecting horizontal and vertical fragmentation ofrelations exist, but fragmentation techniques for class objects in a distributed object based system are yet to appear in the literature. This paper first reviews a taxonomy of the fragmentation problem in a distributed object base. The paper then contributes by presenting a comprehensive set of algorithms for horizontally fragmenting the four realizable class models on the taxonomy. The fundamental approach is top-down, where the entity of fragmentation is the class object. Our approach consists of first generating primary horizontal fragments of a class based on only applications accessing this class, and secondly generating derived horizontal fragments of the class arising from primary fragments of its subclasses, its complex attributes (contained classes), and/or its complex methods classes. Finally, we combine the sets of primary and derived fragments of each class to produce the best possible fragments. Thus, these algorithms account for inheritance and class composition hierarchies as well as method nesting among objects, and are shown to be polynomial time.