Review of European Studies
goal-based reasoning, political deliberation, means-end reasoning, value-based reasoning
This paper is an introduction to recent work on practical (means-end, goal-direct ed) reasoning in artificial intelligence. By using an example of community deliberation concerning whether to change to a no-fault system of insurance, it is explained how practical reasoning is used in public deliberation. It is shown how argument mapping and argumentation schemes are useful tools for modeling the structure of the argumentation in such cases. The distinction between instrumental practical reasoning and value-based practical reasoning is modeled using argumentation schemes.
Walton, Douglas. (2016). Intelligent Practical Reasoning for Autonomous Agents: An Introduction. Review of European Studies, 8 (1), 1-19.