Design of a cost-effective deep convolutional neural network-based scheme for diagnosing faults in smart grids

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date


Publication Title

Proceedings - 18th IEEE International Conference on Machine Learning and Applications, ICMLA 2019

First Page



Deep learning, Fault diagnosis, Matching pursuit decomposition, Smart grids

Last Page



There has been a growing interest in using smart grids due to their capability in delivering automated and distributed energy level to the consumption units. However, in order to guarantee the safe and reliable delivery of the high-quality power from the generation units to the consumers, smart grids need to be equipped with diagnostic systems. This paper presents an efficient data-driven scheme for diagnosing faults in smart grids. In order to reduce the computational burden and monitor the state of the system with a lower number of smart meters, a method based on the affinity propagation clustering algorithm is suggested for the placement of meters, that makes use of the graph-based representation of the system. The collected voltage data measurements from the installed meters are then decomposed by matching pursuit decomposition in order to generate informative features. Extracted features are then used to train a convolutional neural network, and the constructed deep learning model is then tested using unseen samples of normal and faulty conditions. Simulation results based on the IEEE 39-Bus System demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed data-driven fault diagnostic system.