Model-based fault detection and isolation of a PWR nuclear power plant using neural networks
ATW - Internationale Zeitschrift fur Kernenergie
The proper and timely fault detection and isolation of industrial plant is of premier importance to guarantee the safe and reliable operation of industrial plants. The paper presents application of a neural networks-based scheme for fault detection and isolation, for the pressurizer of a PWR nuclear power plant. The scheme is constituted by 2 components: residual generation and fault isolation. The first component generates residuals via the discrepancy between measurements coming from the plant and a nominal model. The neural network estimator is trained with healthy data collected from a full-scale simulator. For the second component detection thresholds are used to encode the residuals as bipolar vectors which represent fault patterns. These patterns are stored in an associative memory based on a recurrent neural network. The proposed fault diagnosis tool is evaluated on-line via a full-scale simulator to detect and isolate the main faults appearing in the pressurizer of a PWR.
Far, Roozbeh Razavi; Davilu, Hadi; and Lucas, Caro. (2008). Model-based fault detection and isolation of a PWR nuclear power plant using neural networks. ATW - Internationale Zeitschrift fur Kernenergie, 53 (2).