Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name





Urban and Regional Planning.


Romsa, Gerald,




As the recycling industry has expanded in Ontario, allegations of an inconsistent approval process for Materials Recovery Facilities (MRFs) have surfaced. An inconsistent approval process for MRFs could potentially have serious environmental, spatial, social and political consequences at the local, municipal and provincial levels. As a result, the purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of the claims of inconsistencies in the planning approval process for MRFs. Through an examination of the provincial legislation governing MRFs, a comparison of planning policies regulating MRFs in ten selected municipalities, and an in-depth analysis of the actual planning treatment of 89 MRFs in the City of Mississauga, the findings of this study provide partial support to the allegation that MRFs are inconsistently approved in Ontario. Although this research did not find any differential treatment of MRFs in Mississauga or contradictions between the Environmental Protection Act and the new 3Rs Regulations, it did reveal that municipalities have tended to adopt varied planning strategies to manage MRFs within their communities. As a result, this research reveals the need to clarify the required municipal planning procedures regulating MRFs to ensure a consistent planning approval process for these land uses in Ontario. This study should prove useful for other researchers investigating the planning treatment of MRFs and other waste management facilities in Ontario.Dept. of Geography. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis1994 .S56. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 33-04, page: 1162. Supervisor: Gerald Romsa. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 1994.