Date of Award
Electrical and Computer Engineering
Dr. Chunhong Chen Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Engineering, Electronics and Electrical.
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Passive RFID transponder is a tiny device that has unique ID information for communication with RFID readers and relies on the reader as a source of power supply. The main components of a typical transponder IC include antenna, analog front-end circuit and baseband processor, where the system clock is provided by a local oscillator. One of the biggest challenges for the oscillator is to ensure the lowest possible power consumption for passive RFID applications. A nano-power VCO capable of functioning as a local oscillator for the transponders is obtained by biasing the delay cells to operate in weak inversion region. Further power reduction is achieved by transistor sizing. Designed in a 90-nm CMOS technology, the proposed circuit oscillates with a power supply of 0.3V with frequency tuning characteristics and consumes only 24nW. The center frequency is 5.12MHz and the phase noise is -80.43 dBc/Hz at 10KHz offset.
Farzeen, Suzana, "A Nano-Power Voltage-Controlled Oscillator Design for RFID Applications" (2010). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 125.