Date of Award


Publication Type

Master Thesis

Degree Name




First Advisor

Jarry, J.


Psychology, Physiological.




Body image dissatisfaction has been demonstrated to predict engagement in a variety of health-related activities, including exercise. However, not all individuals who are dissatisfied with their bodies engage in exercise. The purpose of the study was to examine how body image dissatisfaction interacts with specific variables to influence exercise behaviour. These variables were eating pathology, internalization of social standards of attractiveness, and self-efficacy related to exercise. Participants included 194 female undergraduate students who completed a questionnaire assessing exercise participation, the Body Image Ideals Questionnaire (BIQ), the Revised Restraint Scale (RRS), the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire (SATAQ), and the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESES). The data was analyzed using 2 x 3 between groups factorial ANOVAs. Consistent with predictions, restrained eaters with high body image dissatisfaction exercised significantly more than unrestrained eaters with high body image dissatisfaction, and participants with high self-efficacy for exercise participated in significantly more exercise than those with low self-efficacy. Contrary to expectations, high sociocultural internalization was associated with significantly less exercise than low sociocultural internalization. These findings contribute to the existing literature by clarifying how the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and variables such as dietary restraint, internalization of sociocultural appearance norms, and self-efficacy influence exercise participation.Dept. of Psychology. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis2003 .B47. Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 42-01, page: 0344. Adviser: Josee Jarry. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2003.