Date of Award


Publication Type

Doctoral Thesis

Degree Name



Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering

First Advisor

El Maraghy, H. A.


Engineering, Industrial.



Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMSs) are characterized by concurrency, resource sharing, routing flexibility, limited buffer sizes, and variety of lot sizes. The sharing of resources and the limitations on buffer sizes may lead to deadlock situations. One of the most challenging problems in FMSs design and operation is to assign the shared resources to jobs efficiently and without causing deadlocks. To date, little has been done to achieve deadlock-free scheduling in FMSs. In this research a new efficient scheduling algorithm for finding an optimal or near-optimal deadlock-free schedule was developed based on the depth-first and backtracking search technique. Two efficient truncation techniques and three heuristic functions were developed and tested using several randomly generated case studies. The performance of flexible manufacturing systems that exhibits deadlocks was analyzed under different levels of routing flexibility and other factors using Petri Nets. It was expected that routing flexibility would complicate the Petri Net model and create new deadlocks, which in turn could negatively affect the system performance. The results showed that increasing routing flexibility improves the system performance, measured by average flow time, in systems exhibiting deadlocks. A novel heuristic deadlock-free rescheduling algorithm based on Petri Nets was developed in order to deal with machine breakdowns in real-time. It guarantees a deadlock-free new schedule and relies on local rather than global rescheduling. The existence of alternative routes, availability of material handling facilities, and the limitations of buffer capacities were considered. In conclusion, the thesis introduces an integrated approach for production scheduling, control and performance evaluation of flexible manufacturing systems that exhibit deadlocks. The first part takes care of optimizing the performance of the manufacturing system, by generating optimal or near optimal schedules, and avoiding the deadlock situations in the same time. The second part could be used in answering the questions of the what-if analysis. Finally, the third part maintains the production control in real-time.Dept. of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering. Paper copy at Leddy Library: Theses & Major Papers - Basement, West Bldg. / Call Number: Thesis2001 .E46. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 62-10, Section: B, page: 4716. Adviser: Hoda ElMaraghy. Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Windsor (Canada), 2001.